CCNA 2 Module 10 V3.1 Answers

1. Which of the following describe how TCP adds reliability to communication? (Choose three.)

Hosts using TCP set up virtual circuits at the beginning of the transmission using the three-way handshake.

Hosts using TCP set the error-checking frequency at the beginning of the transmission and maintain this frequency for the duration of the data transfer.

When a sending host does not receive an acknowledgment within a timed interval it retransmits data.

The receiving host acknowledges that it has received the expected number of segments and requests additional data.

The receiving host acknowledges any incorrectly received data and requests retransmission of damaged or missing bytes.

The sending host transmits each segment twice to ensure that data is not lost.


2. A computer programmer is developing software that requires a reliable stream of data. Which protocol can be used in the software design to eliminate the need for building error detection and recovery into the application program?







3. Why is TCP considered a connection-oriented protocol?

It establishes a virtual connection between hosts using a two-way handshake.

It uses IP to guarantee delivery of packets between hosts.

It requires hosts to go through a synchronization process prior to data transmission.

It creates a connection that depends on application layer protocols for error detection.


4. At which point in the transmission process are segments numbered?

when received

when reassembling

before transmission

while negotiating window size


5. What is dynamically assigned by the source host when forwarding data?

destination IP address

destination port number

default gateway address

source IP address

source port number


6. How are originating source port numbers assigned during the data encapsulation process?

assigned manually by the user when starting the application

assigned dynamically by the source host

assigned by the routing protocol during the lookup process

assigned by the destination host during session negotiation


7. Which of the following would an administrator do to defend against a denial of service SYN flooding attack? (Choose two.)

Hide the source of incoming IP addresses.

Decrease the connection timeout period.

Synchronize all host communication.

Increase the connection queue size.

Flood the network with false SYN requests.


8. When a host receives a data segment, what allows the host to determine which application should receive the segment?

IP source address

IP destination address


sliding window

port number

SYN packet


9. What is used by UDP to determine if the data or header has been transferred without corruption?

lower layer protocols



sliding window

acknowledgment and retransmission



10. What is the purpose of using port numbers in the transport layer?

to identify the segment as being either TCP or UDP

to provide reliability during data transport

to identify the interface port number used by the router when forwarding data

to track multiple conversations that occur between hosts


11. In the TCP header, which of the following determines the amount of data that can be sent before receiving an acknowledgment?

segment number

priority number

window size

value in the length field

value in the port field

acknowledgment number


12. What does TCP use to ensure reliable delivery of data segments?

upper layer protocols

lower layer protocols

sequence numbers

port numbers


13. Which of the following protocols uses UDP for transport layer services?







CCNA 2 Module 10 V3.1 Answers (1)
What type of segment and data is shown in the graphic?

a UDP segment carrying e-mail traffic

a TCP segment carrying FTP traffic

an IP segment carrying FTP traffic

a UDP segment carrying web traffic

a TCP segment carrying web traffic

an IP segment carrying e-mail traffic


15. What is the purpose of Positive Acknowledgment and Retransmission (PAR)?

PAR allows the presentation layer to request that data be resent in a format the destination host can process.

PAR provides a mechanism for the receiving device to request that all segments be retransmitted if one segment is corrupt.

PAR helps ensure that a number of data segments sent by one host are received by another host before additional data segments are sent.

PAR is used to renegotiate the window size during the synchronization process.


16. Which of the following are functions of the TCP protocol? (Choose three.)

translation of data


path determination

flow control

data representation



17. What is used by both TCP and UDP when creating a segment?

IP address

MAC address

IPX address

socket or port number

acknowledgment number

sequence number


18. Which authority has control over the assignment of port numbers for applications?




Software Developers Association


19. Which of the following describe types of port numbers that can be represented in the headers of TCP and UDP segments? (Choose three.)








20. What is the purpose of the three-way handshake that occurs between hosts using TCP as the transport layer protocol?

to increase the number of packets that can be sent before an acknowledgment is required

to allow a host to forward data to a router

to establish a round trip connection between sender and receiver before data is transferred

to provide a mechanism for data encryption and compression


21. During the encapsulation process, in which order are the IP address, MAC address, and port number assigned when the router is establishing communication with the TFTP server?

IP address, MAC address, port number

MAC address, IP address, port number

port number, IP address, MAC address

port number, MAC address, IP address


22. Which of the following describes a type of denial of service attack designed to exploit the normal function of the TCP three-way handshake?

A host sends a packet with a spoofed source IP address.

A host sends a packet with an incorrect destination IP address.

A source sends a packet containing a garbled header.

A host sends an oversized packet that fills the memory buffers of the destination host.

A host sends a packet that contains a virus.

A host sends a packet that contains a worm.


23. Which transport layer unit of information places the port number in the header?






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